The Mayan Train project is a threat for the Echologic Reserve of Cuxtal, a Natural Protected Area located at the east of Merida, whose human inhabitants haven’t been consulted about the impact which the train will bring on their environment and life quality.
In behalf of federal government, the Fondo Nacional de Fomento al Turismo has stated that Mayan Train has all the requirements and Environmental Impact Studies approved to go on with the development for the phase 1 of the route, from Palenque, Chiapas, to Izamal, Yucatan.
That route must pass through Merida, and also crossing Cuxtal, but none of its 10.8 thousand inhabitants have received information of the project nor been asked what they think about it.
Also, according to researchers from Articulacion Yucatan the environmental studies and reports seem to minimize the posible damage to this ecosystem.
The Natural Protected Area (Área Natural Protegida (ANP) so-called Reserva Ecológica de Cuxtal boasts an area of 10,757 hectares and is located at the south of Mérida, Yucatán.
It was declared an area subject to ecological conservation since July 1993, in order to hold the messy expansion of the city, aside from conserving the region’s habitat.
Hence, the importance of an adequate conservation, Articulacion Yucatan’s group considers.
An analysis from Estudios de Impacto Ambiental from Fonatur, says that:
The description of the project minimizes the area’s disruption and present ecosystems. In addition of violating the rules of the Zona Sujeta a Conservación Ecológica (ZSCE), which the Secretaría del Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (Semarnat) is responsible for obtaining.
The statement of environmental impact also omits that the reserve provides services such as cushioning the impact of natural phenomena, weather modulation or regulation, protection of the biodiversity of ecosystems and natural life forms, protection and recovery of the soil, as well as spaces for recreation, among others.
On the other hand, Arbonía 365 collective points out that the passing of Tren Maya in Cuxtal goes against the right of access to clean water acmes and a healthy environment, established in the 4th article of Mexican Constitution.
Arbonía 365’s spokeswoman, Katia Bronca pointed out that in addition of the irregularities mentioned by Articulación Yucatán, people from the communities of the zone are not aware of the project.
She also said that this situation worsens the outlook regarding the violation of their rights to participate in a free, prior and informed consultation.